Quelle Formation Suivre pour Devenir Informaticien ?

“Quelle formation suivre pour devenir informaticien?” est la question qui revient systématiquement de la part de nombre de demandeurs d’emploi, d’étudiants ou de salariés en reconversion.

Derrière le terme générique d’informaticien se cache une multitude de métiers techniques. Les formations y menant sont tout aussi diverses. Il y a en réalité une variété de voies d’accès. Ces formations peuvent être payantes ou gratuites, accessibles avec ou sans Bac, ou encore dispensées en présentiel ou en ligne.

Puisqu’à l’origine de votre souhait de formation se trouve votre désir d’exercer telle ou telle fonction, nous commencerons par vous présenter 3 métiers auxquels peuvent mener des formations en informatique. Ces professions ont en plus le vent en poupe. Il sera temps ensuite de parler de la flexibilité offerte aujourd’hui pour suivre ces formations grâce aux formations à distance et en ligne. Nous terminerons par la question centrale du financement.

Focus sur trois métiers informatiques

  • Le chef de projet informatique

Pleinement intégré à une équipe informatique composée notamment de développeurs, le chef de projet informatique a plusieurs missions. En premier lieu, il conçoit et présente les exigences du client à son équipe. S’il supervise un projet informatique interne, le client sera l’un des départements de son entreprise. Le chef de projet définit ensuite le planning d’exécution des tâches afin de respecter à la fois le rendu attendu et la date de livraison prévue. Le tout constitue le cahier des charges. Enfin, il doit s’assurer du respect des coûts et des délais. La gestion de projet ne s’arrête toutefois pas à la fin de la réalisation du projet informatique. Garant du bon fonctionnement de ce dernier, le chef de projet informatique peut être amené à superviser la bonne installation de la solution informatique.

Le Chef de Projet Informatique

Comment devient-on chef de projet informatique ? La voie incontournable est l’obtention d’un diplôme de niveau Licence en informatique. Les différentes spécialisations du métier de gestion de projet, du chef de projet multimédia au scrum master, nécessitent des formations spécifiques. Mais au-delà des formations, certaines qualités fondamentales se retrouvent chez le chef de projet informatique performant à commencer par un réel sens de l’organisation et des qualités relationnelles.

  • L’architecte réseau

L’architecte réseau a la charge de concevoir et de surveiller tout le système de télécommunication d’une entreprise. Que ce soit pour un client interne ou externe, il a pour mission de créer une architecture des réseaux de télécommunication qui facilite la circulation de l’information au sein de l’entreprise et à moindre coût.

Pour ce faire, il identifie les problèmes causés par l’échange d’informations au sein de l’entreprise, comment les résoudre grâce au système informatique et avec quel équipement. Arrive ensuite l’étape de la définition du système de réseaux aux côtés de la direction technique. Il lui sera alors nécessaire de respecter les contraintes budgétaires mais aussi les règles de sécurité de l’entreprise. L’architecte réseau peut aussi réaliser le suivi et la gestion quotidienne du réseau.

  • Le développeur informatique

Professionnel des langages informatiques, le développeur informatique traduit la demande de son client, interne ou externe à l’entreprise, en programme informatique. Travaillant à partir d’un cahier des charges, son intervention se décompose en plusieurs phases. Le développeur identifie et analyse d’abord les besoins de son client afin de concevoir le programme informatique à développer. Ensuite vient la phase de développement informatique en lui-même qui déroulera dans le ou les langages informatiques maîtrisés par le développeur et pertinent pour le projet.

Suite à cette phase, le développeur informatique réalise une série de tests dans le but de s’assurer du bon fonctionnement du logiciel. Enfin, il présente un support d’aide technique pour faciliter la compréhension du programme. Il est fréquent que le développeur informatique doive également dispenser une formation à l’utilisation du programme.

L’avènement des formations informatiques à distance

Les formations informatiques dispensées à distance représentent un nouveau mode d’apprentissage qui écarte plusieurs contraintes, la plus importante étant la localisation géographique. Plus besoin d’être présent devant le formateur pour apprendre le développement informatique ou l’administration de réseau par exemple. La flexibilité horaire est aussi un atout non-négligeable, les cours étant disponibles à tout moment en ligne et notamment les soirs et week-ends propices pour les étudiants et les salariés.

Depuis son apparition, la formation en e-learning est en perpétuelle évolution. De nombreuses startups travaillent à l’amélioration de ces formations dans le but de les rendre plus personnalisées pour chaque apprenant.

Bien qu’elle soit conçue pour faciliter l’apprentissage pour les étudiants, se former grâce à l’e-learning implique de la préparation, de l’organisation et de la gestion de la part du participant. Entre les cours, les exercices pratiques, les échanges avec le(s) tuteur(s) et les examens, les apprenants doivent d’une certaine façon, faire preuve d’assiduité.

Read 539 times Last modified on mardi, 07 mai 2019 21:51
Adostum66

Salut, Mbote,Jambo,Hello! Je m'appelle Adostum66. Avant j'étais un simple visiteur des sites internet et aujourd'hui nous sommes devenu le créateur des sites internet. Passionné de l'internet,de l'entrepreneuriat et de la programmation, nous publions sur ce site des astuces et tutoriels pour vous aider de mieux apprendre la programmation et lentrepreneuriat

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